1. Storm at the sea

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Original image of a sunny day
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Storm alert! (Manipulated photograph)

What did I edit?

  • I cropped the image to show a dark horizon.
  • I also changed the colour tone of the image, creating a gloomy photograph as opposite of the sunny day at sea.
  • I reduced the colour intensity as well.

Why did I edit?

  • The photograph of the dark horizon creates a suspense about something to take place. The formation of the clouds add to the overall feeling of a storm.

Will it confuse the audience?

  • Yes, I think this photograph will confuse the audience if they are not shown the actual photograph.

Can the edited or unedited image be used as a press photograph? Why? (news media)

  • I think the edited image can be used as a press photograph because it shows a weather forecast in the present. Though in reality it cannot be used as a press photograph because it has been manipulated. Press photography is all about shooting the truth. It would be against the ethics of press photography to use this image.

2. Ancient painting found

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Original image of an art exhibit
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Manipulated image depicting a painting

What did I edit?

  • I cropped the roof of the art installation to show the intricate details that adorn the roof.
  • I changed the brightness, colour and tone of the image.

Why did I edit?

  • I edited all the above to try and form a painting with an old, rustic look.

Will it confuse the audience?

  • Yes, I think this photograph will confuse the audience if they are not shown the actual photograph of the art installation.

Can the edited or unedited image be used as a press photograph? Why? (news media)

  • I do not think that any of these images can be used as press photographs.
  • I think so because there is no element of surprise or awe in both the images.

3. Sketching the skyline

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Original image of the skyline
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Manipulated image depicting a sketch done by someone

What did I edit?

  • I changed the colours, decreased the brightness, added a filter and changed the look of the image completely.

Why did I edit?

  • I edited it because the filter makes the buildings look like they have been sketched by someone and then added to the backdrop. Even the ripples on the water are looking very different.

Will it confuse the audience?

  • Yes, I think this photograph will confuse the audience if they are not shown the actual photograph. People might think about the reason behind why the colours in the edited image are so odd.

Can the edited or unedited image be used as a press photograph? Why? (news media)

  • No, I think the images cannot be used as press photographs. Like the earlier example, these images too do not have anything that would draw the attention of the audience.

4. Sign flipped for a day!

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Original image
8
Manipulated image

What did I edit?

  • I flipped the image, cropped it, added some highlight and brightness.

Why did I edit?

  • I edited it because I think it creates an unique image.

Will it confuse the audience?

  • Yes, I think this photograph will confuse the audience if they are not shown the actual photograph. The edited image looks real and at the first glance it will confuse a lot of people.

Can the edited or unedited image be used as a press photograph? Why? (news media)

  • The edited image could be used as a press photograph because it will definitely shock everyone. But in reality it cannot be used because it is against the ethics of photojournalism. This is fake news and we have earlier read about the impact that fake news can have on the public.

5. Snowstorm freezes the city

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Original image
18
Manipulated image

What did I edit?

  • I just changed the brighness and increased the colour balance in this image.

Why did I edit?

  • I made these changes because it makes it looks like there is a lot of wind and snow in the location, whereas that is not the truth.

Will it confuse the audience?

  • I think this photograph will confuse the audience if they are not shown the actual photograph. But unlike the previous images, people might believe that this snowstorm took place. It does not look like it is edited.

Can the edited or unedited image be used as a press photograph? Why? (news media)

  • The edited picture of the snowstorm can be used in press photography. But it is against the ethics and principles of press photography and thus should not be used.

What are the main differences between art and press photography?

Art Photography

Art photography is like an abstract painting. There are no rules whatsoever. The resulting photograph is the imagination of the photographer. Art photography is not fact based. The photographer is not limited to shooting only one image because there is freedom given to the photographer. It is not like photojournalism where the space in newspapers is limited and all the facts need to be documented in one photograph. Photojournalists are bound to portray the truth, whereas art photographers can capture anything they like. Time is not a factor in art photography. The photographer can take any amount of time to create the photograph. (Visual arts cork ) Below are some examples of art photography.

(Uncapher, 2018), (Visual arts cork), (Texture X, 2013)

Press photography

Press photography’s main purpose is to record events and happenings around the world. Unlike art photography, press photography involves creating the true image of an event. Press photography also needs to be quick. The latest events need to be immediately sent for publishing. In the modern time of social media playing a more important role, press photography has become even more difficult. Everyone is on social media and for your photograph to be seen first by the public, the press photographer needs to be present where the event has occurred. The photographer has no time to spare. The perfect image showing the details of the entire event need to be out online in as less time as possible. Otherwise, the people will see some other news and photos before yours. (Press photographer, 2018)

(Stewart, 2018)

Both the branches of photography, art photography and press photography, are very unique from one another and have a lot of challenges of their own.

References

  1. NPPA. (2017). Code of ethics. Retrieved from NPPA: https://nppa.org/code-ethics
  2. Photography Schools. (2016, February 24). A brief history of photojournalism. Retrieved from Photography Schools: http://www.photography-schools.com/photojournalismhistory.htm
  3. Press photographer. (2018). Retrieved from Prospects: https://www.prospects.ac.uk/job-profiles/press-photographer
  4. Stewart, J. (2018, February 15). World Press Photo nominees 2018. Retrieved from My Modern Met: https://mymodernmet.com/world-press-photo-nominees-2018/
  5. (2016). Doctored photos? Retrieved from TIME: http://content.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1857430_1794847,00.html
  6. Uncapher, B. R. (2018, February 12). What is fine art photography. Retrieved from Photography life: https://photographylife.com/what-is-fine-art-photography
  7. Visual arts cork . (n.d.). Fine art photography . Retrieved from Visual arts cork : http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/fine-art-photography.htm
  8. Visual arts cork. (n.d.). Man ray. Retrieved from Visual arts cork: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-artists/man-ray.htm
  9. World Press Photo. (2018). What counts as manipulation . Retrieved from World Press Photo: https://www.worldpressphoto.org/activities/photo-contest/verification-process/what-counts-as-manipulation